The Margaux appellation consists of 5 communes: these are the village of Margaux and the neighbouring villages of Arsac, Labarde, Soussans and Cantenac. It is the most southerly of Médoc's appellations. Margaux lies in the Haut Médoc on the left bank of the River Garonne estuary, north west of the city of Bordeaux.
The Margaux appellation extends over 3,200 acres and has 80 châteaux and domaines who produce wine. It boasts 20 of the original 61 classified growths from the 1855 Classification of Bordeaux wines.
Margaux is actually unique in the Médoc in that it is the only one to contain all the range of wines, as rich as they are vast, from First Great Cru Classé to the Fifths, not forgetting its famous Crus Bourgeois and its Crus Artisans.
Terroir and Grapes
Margaux sits upon a plateau of white gravel which has been brought down from the mountains by the river. The gravel lies on an ancient layer of limestone and clay marl. These are ideal conditions for great wines as the soil is the thinnest in the Médoc, drains very well and the vines send down deep roots to draw nourishment.
Margaux makes almost entirely red wine, harvesting Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Cabernet Franc and Petit Verdot grapes, with only a small amount of white wine made.
The wines of Margaux are generally thought to be the most aromatic and elegant of the Médoc and are often described as being more feminine than the other wines of the region. They have a perfumed grace and are supple and elegant. They age well as the relatively thin terroir imparts tannins which give them long life. The other characteristic of these wines which combine vitality, subtlety and consistency, is their diversity and personality. They present an exceptional palette of bouquets, fruity flavours which show up differently from one château to another.